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In 2021, the price of a single bitcoin, the leading cryptocurrency broke 60 000 and the market value of all cryptocurrencies reached a staggering 2.5 trillion dollars. Bitcoin's promise to create a new decentralized financial system beyond the control of governments and banks has captured the imagination of the world. It's become a bit of a social phenomenon. Mark Zuckerberg, the boss of facebook, has pet goats and he's named them max and bitcoin, but so far the bitcoin dream has not been realized.

Rather than becoming a new form of money, bitcoin, has become a highly volatile investment asset. Creating big winners. Bitcoin Trading Investors have said its price skyrocketing during the pandemic and big losers. The crypto valuation lost a third of a trillion dollars just overnight for the believers, bitcoin is still a digital stepping stone towards a utopian future for the skeptics. The crypto market is nothing more than a digital casino, too volatile to be trusted.

So what will become of the bitcoin dream? What is Bitcoin? It all started in 2009, somewhere in the world, a shadowy figure hiding behind the name of satoshi nakamoto created the very first bitcoin. It was the start of a digital revolution. Bitcoin and the thousands of cryptocurrencies market that have followed are nothing like actual coins.

They are code recorded on a digital ledger that gets longer and longer as more people use them and embedded in nakamoto's code for the first batch or block of bitcoins was a newspaper headline. Bitcoin's creator put that headline in the first block because he wanted to send a signal. He wanted to show that people were looking for alternatives after the financial crash and the question that people were asking is: can we trust financial institutions with our money and bitcoin? Was the response? Trust is at the heart of the current financial system, banks and other financial institutions control how money flows around the economy.

Faith that their ledgers are accurate is vital. This is because money is simply a social convention. It exists and has value, because we agree that it does. This agreement only works because we put trust in financial institutions such as banks. Bitcoin does not require trusted.

Institutions nakamoto wanted to create a secure system that did not rely on any trust at all. To achieve this, the coins are registered on a revolutionary technology called a blockchain, which is a ledger of transactions that is not held by a centra